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"Guide to Livery at the Battle of Bosworth" Topic


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373 hits since 22 Nov 2022
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Killerkatanas22 Nov 2022 3:08 p.m. PST

Hi,

After several weeks of research, I have compiled this list of known livery colors and badges worn by the forces of Richard and Henry at the Battle of Bosworth.

The sources for this come mostly from the terrific booklet "Standards, Badges, and Livery Colors of the Wars of the Roses" by McGill and Jones, along with 15mm and 28mm recreations of flags from Freezywater, Citadelsix, Peter Smith, and Mikhail Betskii.

I have also used information from the following websites:

Complete Guide to Heraldry: link

Battle of Bosworth Field a list of combatants: link

The Peerage index to War of the Roses Combatants: link

Livery Color's database: link

Useful List of Livery Colors: link

Wikipedia for the numerous names of the Dukes, Earls, Viscounts, Lords, and Sirs.

Here on TMP correspondences, postings, and topics.

The following identifications are organized with the livery color(s) (right/left), followed by the badge. There are a few badges that I could not identify, and these are identified with a ????.

RICARDIANS

Richard III blue/crimson, w/white boar or rose
John Howard red, w/white lion rampant
Henry Percy red/black, w/white half crescent
Thomas Howard white/red, w/white helmet
Francis Lovell blue/yellow, w/white hound
Richard Ratcliffe white/black, ????
John Zouch black/purplish red, w/white donkey head
Walter Deveraux white/red, w/yellow horseshoes
William Catesby purplish red/blue, ????
Marmaduke Constable red, w/yellow anchor
James Harrington black, w/white Harrington knot
John Scrope white, w/black Cornish chough (bird)
John Conyers white, w/red cross crosslets
John De la Pole blue/yellow, w/white Antelope

TUDORS

Henry Tudor white/green, w/red dragon
Jasper Tudor white/green, w/red dragon
John de Vere orange, w/blue star outlined in white
Philiberte de Chande French troops w/white crosses on a blue or red background
Gilbert Talbot red/black, w/white talbot (dog)
John Savage white, w/black unicorn head
William Stanley red, w/white stag (deer) head
Thomas Stanley orange/green, w/yellow eagles feet
Ap Thomas white, w/black raven
Simon Digby blue, w/white Osrich with horseshoe in beak
Robert Willoughby red/white, w/black blackmoores head
Edward Woodvlle green, w/white Sparrow?
Edward Poynings red, w/white running unicorn
William Berkley red/white, ????
Walter Hungerford red/green, w/two white sickles
William Beaumont- white, w/green broom cod
John Wells yellow/black, w/yellow Fleur-de-lis

I hope this helps others. Please add to, comment, and correct this list as you see the need.

Personal logo Dal Gavan Supporting Member of TMP24 Nov 2022 4:10 p.m. PST

Good work there, KK.

Thomas Howard may also have used black with a white lion rampant, mate, if only for his immediate household. It's recorded that Ed IV sent him some black cloth as a present, because it was his livery colour. John de la Pole could also use a yale as a badge, while Berkley used a (red?) unicorn.

Warspite125 Nov 2022 3:32 p.m. PST

@Dal Gavan:
Has someone been reading my book? :)

Dal is right. In Bills, Bows and Bloodshed I do report that the Howard, Duke of Norfolk household wore black as a household livery yet we also know that he expected his Paston retainers to wear red. The black may have started as a mourning livery for the death of his first wife but it continued during the life of his second wife as gifts from Edward IV confirm.

Barry

Personal logo Dal Gavan Supporting Member of TMP25 Nov 2022 7:46 p.m. PST

Me read, Barry? Real multi-syllable words and everything? Perish the thought, mate. :-)

I don't actually have any of my books here- they're all in storage. But I do have a couple of spreadsheets and, one day, I'll make notes as to where I got the info (I have done it for some, all Lancastrians, but not Howard yet).

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