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"Military Courage and Fear in the Late Medieval French" Topic


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234 hits since 9 Jan 2021
©1994-2021 Bill Armintrout
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Tango01 Supporting Member of TMP09 Jan 2021 9:15 p.m. PST

… Chivalric Imagination

"Medieval chivalric literature celebrated courage and bravery as defining characteristics of the worthy knight.1 The central importance of courage and bravery often suggested that losing a battle or even one's life was preferable to the shame of cowardice.2 In La Chanson de Roland, the eponymous hero called upon his men to fight bravely in the battle of Roncesvalles so that no one would sing a shameful song about them afterwards. Moreover Roland was true to his own advice, even refusing to blow his horn to summon aid when the tide of the battle turned. Though his refusal to act led to the death of both himself and his men, the Christians ultimately won the battle and Roland himself was carried to heaven by Saint Gabriel.3 The bravery and self-sacrifice of Roland and Olivier became one of the touchstones of chivalry. In Les Vœux du héron (c. 1346), Jean de Hainault, count of Beaumont, accused his fellow knights of believing that they were the equals of Oliver and Roland.4 Not long afterwards, the Chanson de Bertrand du Guesclin (c.1380) reported that the Constable of France had earned more honour than any "chevaliers puis le temps de Rolant" and repeatedly compared Bertrand with his illustrious predecessor…."
From here
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Amicalement
Armand

Personal logo Editor in Chief Bill The Editor of TMP Fezian10 Jan 2021 7:15 a.m. PST

Courtesy of the Journal of Medieval and Humanistic Studies

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