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"The Anglo-German Blockade of Venezuela 1902-03" Topic


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Tango0125 Jun 2020 9:56 p.m. PST

"I lived for several years in Maracaibo, Venezuela's second city, which today was a population of 1.3 million. It lies at the western side of the short waterway that leads from Lake Maracaibo the largest lake in South America to the Caribbean Sea. It was founded, quite surprisingly, by German settlers in 1529 and was initially known as New Nurnberg. Attacks by local tribes led to its abandonment but it was re-founded by the Spanish in 1574. It was to be the target on several occasions of attacks by buccaneers, including by the notorious Henry Morgan in 1669, followed by an equally devastating assault by the French buccaneer de Gramont nine years later. A century and a half later the Battle of Lake Maracaibo in 1823, in which Spanish naval forces clashed with those of pro-independence republicans, resulted in a Spanish defeat which, after their routing on land in the Battle of Carabobo two years earlier, marked the end of Spanish power on the South American continent.

Given the importance of Maracaibo, and its location which controlled passage into the 100-mile long lake, and access to the lands beyond, it was inevitable that measures would be taken to defend the waterway. The most appropriate place for a fortification that would dominate the approach channel at its narrowest point was on the island of San Carlos, 20 miles north of the present city. Here, in 1623, the Spanish built a large limestone fort on the then favoured "star" pattern". Just how impressive this structure was and is can be seen from the image below lifted off Google Earth (if one goes to the location detailed on the image many photographs can be seen of it as it is today). It is big from one star point to that diagonally opposite is about 120 yards. Having expended what must have been a fortune in its construction, it is surprising that it was not manned or armed effectively enough by the Spanish to hold back the buccaneer attacks later in the same century…"
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Amicalement
Armand

jurgenation Supporting Member of TMP26 Jun 2020 4:00 a.m. PST

great wargame possibilities..

Tango0126 Jun 2020 12:46 p.m. PST

Glad you like it my friend!. (smile)

Amicalement
Armand

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