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"Russian medicine against the arms of Napoleon" Topic


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©1994-2020 Bill Armintrout
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Tango01 Supporting Member of TMP13 Jan 2020 9:47 p.m. PST

"…Military sanitary organization in the Russian army by 1812 was verified and stripped of its inherent previously mnogoletie. The initiator of the reform of the military medicine was the Minister of war Mikhail Bogdanovich Barclay de Tolly, who on 27 January 1812, after consultation with the Emperor Alexander I issued the important document "the Institution for the management of the Large acting army". It was designated the organization of the seven departments, one of which became the first medical. The structure of the Department included two compartments, one of which involved medical Affairs, organization, recruitment of physicians and their dismissal, as well as training and distribution of paramedics. The second branch of the medical Department engaged exclusively in the pharmaceutical business and supply troops with equipment. At the head of the Department was the Main military medical inspector, who ruled the field generals-the staff-the doctors (one per army). Below, in the order of was body of a German doctor (main doctor field hospitals), divisional staff-doctors and in the shelves of senior doctors. For the supply of medical institutions of the army replied to General-intendant.

Led the entire medical service of Russian army in 1806, "the chief inspector of the medical unit of the Military land Department under the command of the Minister of military land forces", as well as part-time Director of the medical Department, Jacob V. Willie. It was a Scot by origin (native name is James Wylie), who worked as a court surgeon three emperors Paul I, Alexander I and Nicholas I. Jacob Willie actually created a military medical service in the form in which it was before the invasion of Napoleon. For thirty years he directed the Medico-surgical Academy, and in 1841 was awarded the highest rank for medical staff, privy councillor. A major achievement Willie was an organization in St. Petersburg in 1796, Tool factory, is employed in medical equipment and medicines. An extraordinary physician and the organizer has a new for those times evacuation model of treatment, received in Russia the name of the drainage (until 1812 doctors around the world have worked with the wounded almost on the battlefield). The key ideas of the concept of evacuating the wounded from the battlefield is still used in the medical services of armies in the world…."
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