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"Kriegsspiel – How a 19th Century Table-Top War Game" Topic

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19th Century

287 hits since 9 Oct 2019
©1994-2019 Bill Armintrout
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Tango01 Supporting Member of TMP09 Oct 2019 12:58 p.m. PST

…. Changed History.

"STRATEGY GAMES have a long and storied history. Ancient kings and generals in the Far East honed their war-fighting skills with xiangqi and shogi. Seventh-century India gave the world chaturanga, a forerunner of chess. In the Roman Empire, it was latrunculi.

The first modern military simulation was Kriegsspiel. A table-top war game, it was pioneered in 19th Century Prussia and used to transform that nation into most powerful fighting force in Europe. It was the brainchild of Lieutenant Georg Leopold von Reiswitz and his son Georg Heinrich Rudolf von Reiswitz.

Kreigsspiel, which enabled opposing ‘generals' to fight a simulated set-piece battle, established several conventions of war gaming that still hold true to the present day. It used topographical maps, dice and featured gaming elements that simulated the ‘fog of war.' Colour-coded opposing armies in the form of red and blue counters and codified rules for movement and combat were also part of the game. Complex scenarios could see up 10 players divided between two sides, each one assuming the role of regimental commanders and reporting to an overseeing general-in-chief. Umpires could preside over these large games to enforce the rules…"
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