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"Russia, Britain, and the House of Nassau:..." Topic


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19 Mar 2019 9:27 p.m. PST
by Editor in Chief Bill

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Napoleonic

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Tango01 Supporting Member of TMP19 Mar 2019 4:19 p.m. PST

…. The Re-Establishment of the Orange Dynasty in the Netherlands, March-November 1813

"On 15 March 1813, Tsar Alexander i, in pursuit of the retreating Grande Armée, passed through the Prussian city of Breslau. The Prince of Orange, William vi, who was residing in exile on his private estates nearby, seized the opportunity to meet the Tsar to request his assistance in retaking the Netherlands for the House of Orange.

The Tsar was quick to pledge his support, and he accepted Orange into the anti-Napoleonic coalition that would defeat Napoleon in 1814.2 This anecdote raises several questions about the return of the House of Orange to the Netherlands. How could a stateless, destitute, and exiled dynasty convince the Tsar to support its plans for a return to the Netherlands? Why did the other great powers follow suit? And why was the Prince of Orange in London at the outbreak of the uprising in the Netherlands in 1813, rather than with the allied armies in Central Europe? The aim of this article is to explore how the House of Orange navigated the tumultuous diplomatic environment in March through November 1813 to re-establish itself as the ruling dynasty of the Netherlands…."
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DrsRob22 Mar 2019 5:20 p.m. PST

Interesting. I have some small comments, though.

The Dutch Legion of Orange did not fight it's way to the Netherlands. The 1st Battalion arrived in Utrecht on 18th January 1814 unclothed and unarmed and there immediatly was armed and equipped to take part in the war effort. The 3rd Battalion arrived in Zwolle the same way on 3rd March 1814 but was equipped more gradually.
Only the 2nd Battalion had been clothed and equipped from British stores while still in Germany. This must have started after the 1st Battalion had left for Holland and as the 2nd Battalion arrived in Deventer on 1st March, they cannot have had time to do much fighting once equipped.

Even though the 2nd Nassau Regiment did defect and might have been counted as a contribution to the allied cause, the 1st Regiment and the cavalry did not. The Duchy of Nassau therefore still had to raise a regular Regiment (the 3rd), a Landwehr Regiment (militia) and a Landsturm (local defense force).

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