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"BM-8-24 "Katyusha" on the chassis T-60" Topic

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World War Two on the Land

376 hits since 29 Jan 2019
©1994-2019 Bill Armintrout
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Tango01 Supporting Member of TMP In the TMP Dawghouse29 Jan 2019 9:08 p.m. PST






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Fred Cartwright29 Jan 2019 11:16 p.m. PST

Ace even!

Tango01 Supporting Member of TMP In the TMP Dawghouse30 Jan 2019 11:32 a.m. PST



Mark 130 Jan 2019 1:02 p.m. PST

I'd be interested if anyone has information on the doctrines for deploying and using these, and similar, tank chassis -based SP Katyusha launchers.

The Soviets had several models of tracked prime-movers for artillery (S-2, YA-12 and STZ-5 being good examples). For front-line guns like small 45mm and 57mm AT guns and 76.2mm infantry guns they often used the armored S-20 Komsomolets tractor. And they also sometimes used redundant light tank hulls as artillery tractors.

But none of these, with the possible exception of the S-20 Komsomolets, was expected to engage in actual combat. The S-20 had a bit of armor and was equipped with a DT LMG, but was really seen as a prime mover that had to go into harms way to do it's job, rather than as a combat vehicle.

Then we have this idea of a light tank chassis with a Katyusha launcher. The M-8 rocket of the BM-8 Katyusha (as mounted on the T-40 or T-60 light tank chassis) had a range of about 6km. But the vehicles are often shown with the launcher at a lower elevation -- almost horizontal. So I'm wondering were these were considered direct-fire weapons, to be driven up to firing positions within sight of the enemy, hence getting some substantial value from the armored protection? Or were they considered indirect fire weapons, to be fired at longer ranges at map targets, but with tracks to get around in the mud and snow?

Anyone got some sources on this?

(aka: Mk 1)

Tango01 Supporting Member of TMP In the TMP Dawghouse31 Jan 2019 12:47 p.m. PST

Of possible interest?



Mobius31 Jan 2019 1:08 p.m. PST

I think they always had a minimum elevation more than 0-degrees. There was a story about an encounter in the first months of the war with a BM-13 and some German tanks. The tanks by-passed it then noticed the BM-13 drove so it's front wheels went into a ditch so as to try to direct fire on the tanks. Luckily for the tanks they realized what it was trying to do.

Katyusha's were suppose to be secret weapons so not getting them too close to the front and captured would be a priority. Though several were captured in the first months of the war anyways.

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