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"Huge color-coded map shows the world's most ancient" Topic


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©1994-2018 Bill Armintrout
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Tango01 Supporting Member of TMP06 Sep 2018 11:49 a.m. PST

…. and recent borders

"Borders between countries are inviolable and immutable: That's the principle which underpins the international order. If changing them is such a big deal, those international borders must be venerably ancient. Wrong! As this map shows, more than half their total length was delineated after 1900. Less than 1% of the world's current land borders were drawn up before the year 1500.

The oldest border has a specific birthday: 8 September 1278. That's when Roger-Bernard III, the count of Foix, and Pere d'Urtx, the bishop of Urgell signed the so-called Tractat de pareatge. This feudal charter established their joint sovereignty over the mountain territory of Andorra and fixed its borders.

The county of Foix has been extinct since 1607, but the charter still holds: high in the Pyrenees that separate France from Spain, Andorra continues its existence as an independent condominium. Its ceremonial heads of state (officially ‘co-princes') are the bishop of Urgell and—as the legal successor of the counts of Foix—the president of France…."

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