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"Armament of the Army of the Potomac During the ..." Topic

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American Civil War

483 hits since 11 Aug 2018
©1994-2019 Bill Armintrout
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Tango01 Supporting Member of TMP11 Aug 2018 12:07 p.m. PST

…Chancellorsville Campaign

"The winter of 1862-1863 saw the United States' Army of the Potomac restructure, refit, reform and emerge from its winter camps a stronger, confident and more effective fighting force. Army commander Joseph Hooker instituted numerous reforms that raised morale and also worked to improve the army's efficiency of command and control. He abolished the grand divisions, an unwieldy and unnecessary additional level of command instituted by his predecessor Ambrose Burnside. Hooker brought all of the cavalry brigades together into their own mounted corps under a single officer, not scattered among the various infantry corps as had been the army's tradition. The 9th Army Corps left the army for another theater of the war, but the loss of that command was replaced with the addition of the 11th and 12th Army Corps' following the army's defeat at Fredericksburg. Another area where the Army of the Potomac improved during the winter months was its armament. Between the Battle of Fredericksburg and the Chancellorsville Campaign, the army made nominal gains in better, more dependable and accurate weapons.

Commencing with the fourth quarter of 1862, ending December 31, the United States Army's Ordnance Department compiled quarterly returns for all ordnance and ordnance stores on hand, as submitted by companies, regiments and batteries. These summary statements provide a good look at the armament of the armies in the field and the weaponry carried by their regiments and batteries. The fourth quarter 1862 returns for the Army of the Potomac how that infantry regiments were pretty well armed with the majority of the long arms carried classified as 1st Class weapons, dominated by the Springfield Rifled Muskets, model 1855, 1861, National Armory and contract and the British Pattern 1853 Enfield Rifled Musket. In the artillery, the most common gun with the army's batteries was the Model 1857, Light 12-pounder Gun-Howitzer, nicknamed the "Napoleon," while the New Model 1859 Sharps Carbine was found in the hands of most of the army's horsemen. In the first three months of 1863, a slight improvement is evident in the weapons carried by the soldiers of the Army of the Potomac…."
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donlowry12 Aug 2018 9:15 a.m. PST

but the loss of that command was replaced with the addition of the 11th and 12th Army Corps' following the army's defeat at Fredericksburg

those 2 corps already belonged to the Army of the Potomac and during the Fredericksburg campaign constituted the Reserve Grand Division.

Tango01 Supporting Member of TMP12 Aug 2018 3:09 p.m. PST



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