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"Kalmuks in French service?" Topic

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455 hits since 26 Feb 2018
©1994-2018 Bill Armintrout
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Personal logo green beanie Supporting Member of TMP26 Feb 2018 4:47 p.m. PST

I remember some years ago seeing in a book "Uniforms of the Napoleonic Wars" a picture of a Kalmuk with lance along with some Polish troops in French service. Doing a Google search turned up nothing, so I was wondering if any one knew of a unit of Kalmuk cavalry attached to any French or Polish units?

Brechtel19826 Feb 2018 5:32 p.m. PST

Are you thinking of the Polish Krakus (also spelled Cracus)?

These were a mounted unit of Polish 'Cossacks' who served in 1813-1814 in a single regiment and were brigaded with the Polish Cuirassiers and a company of horse artillery as an 'Advance Guard Corps.'

They were also considered 'excellent thieves' and whenever in any area other units doubled their guards.

Personal logo green beanie Supporting Member of TMP26 Feb 2018 7:23 p.m. PST

that could be them.

Personal logo deadhead Supporting Member of TMP27 Feb 2018 6:31 a.m. PST

I wonder if you mean this trio from Uniforms of the Retreat from Moscow (Haythornthwaite and Chappell)? If so, definitely not on Napoleon's side. The text adds little on Kalmuks but much on Bashkirs


Personal logo green beanie Supporting Member of TMP27 Feb 2018 7:10 a.m. PST

Nope, I believe it was the Krakus I was thinking off.

Prince of Essling Supporting Member of TMP27 Feb 2018 7:51 a.m. PST

As to kalmucks & Bashkirs:

a) Stavropol Kalmucks, 1 mounted regiment of 10 sotnias. From May of 1812 the prescribed strength was 1,178 men, analogous to that of the Orenburg Ataman Regiment (the Orenburg Regiment had 10 sotnias with prescribed strength of 34 officers, 43 non-commissioned officers, 100 prikazniks (an in between rank: command giving Cossacks), 1,000 privates, and 1 officer's servant, or 1178 men in all).
b) Kalmucks of the lower Volga (from the former Khoshut Horde) – two 5-sotnia regiments (one each from Astrakhan and Samara provinces).
Bashkirs (in the Ural Mountains, Orenberg Province).
2 mounted regiments (numbered 1 & 2) of 5 sotnias each. Further 18 regiments (numbered 3 to 20) levied in 1812. A regiment comprised 579 men.

Above from translations by Mark Conrad of "Vollständiges Verzeichnis aller Kosaken-Formationen 1812," by Dr. Freiherr von Baumgartner & of Viskovatov's multi-volume work on the Russian Army; Dr Stephen Summerfield "Cossack Hurrah!"; Isaac Bykadorov "Cossacks in the Patriotic War of 1812".

Murvihill27 Feb 2018 10:13 a.m. PST

Lithuanian Tatars

Brechtel19827 Feb 2018 12:02 p.m. PST

Another good pick-well done.

Personal logo deadhead Supporting Member of TMP27 Feb 2018 12:13 p.m. PST

Tartars and Krakus are a very, very, long way from the Kalmuk lands, a shown by Price of Essling.

Gingos40 do some great Tartars.

Murawski do the Krakus

Both in the One True Scale of course (TOTS=28mm)

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