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1,233 hits since 20 Feb 2018
©1994-2018 Bill Armintrout
Comments or corrections?

paul in rhb20 Feb 2018 2:53 a.m. PST

Hi. I am running a campaign based on June 1815 and wondered if anyone would like to be part of it. I have the 3 main leaders but am needing people to play the role of corps commanders.

It is a simple campaign and wont need lots of time.. just regular input on decision making re troop actions and the sending of messages to army leaders etc. (in a similar style to my 1644 ECW of a few years ago) Battle plans will also need drawing up when encounters with the enemy happen.

The main attraction is the fog of war the campaign will provide. Maps are done, orders from wellington, blucher and napoleon are just about ready.. so chaps to implement the orders are needed. No cost involved just a willingness to write emails/orders on a regular basis.

contact me

and let me know if you have a preference for any of the sides involved.. British, Prussian or French

4th Cuirassier20 Feb 2018 9:05 a.m. PST

I'd be interested!

khanscom20 Feb 2018 3:19 p.m. PST

Sent an email.

Personal logo Ironwolf Supporting Member of TMP21 Feb 2018 12:07 a.m. PST

Sending an e-mail.

Quick question, I'm guessing we will be getting some type of feedback on how battles turn out, scout reports or such things??

paul in rhb21 Feb 2018 11:13 a.m. PST

Hi I have had about 20 replies and have emailed everyone. Many thanks as am very impressed.. all positions are now filled. And I have 2-3 leftovers on a waiting list also

The plan is that corps commanders issue orders to their divisions, receive reports, act accordingly and generally keep their c in c informed… the aim is to create a fog of war campaign ! time will tell how things go

Gregor626221 Feb 2018 3:32 p.m. PST

This sounds fascinating. Please keep us updated on progress.

Personal logo Ironwolf Supporting Member of TMP21 Feb 2018 11:40 p.m. PST

paul in rhb,

Do you have a webpage and some other way us bystanders can follow along? If not, I hope you post updates on here every once in awhile.

Thanky Sir.

paul in rhb27 Feb 2018 3:09 p.m. PST

Thanks for the comments chaps. I have emailed all the chaps who did not get a place but I now have one more spot open. It might not be a big spot but it will be interesting. Drop me an email please if you would like to be included.

Am not sure i will get round to doing a web page/blog but will see how things go. If not i will try do an update at a suitable juncture- with maybe an outline of whether the game is working or not. Cheers

paul in rhb27 Feb 2018 3:26 p.m. PST

slot filled in record time… thanks.. all positions are now filled. cheers

4th Cuirassier28 Feb 2018 4:47 a.m. PST

I'll be interested to see how this goes. I've long thought the best way to do solo games (if you favour an obscure era or ruleset for example) would be like this, i.e. get others to manoeuvre the forces, and you then just implement what they want to do.

The problem I always have with games – all of them, not just solo – is that there tends to be a side or unit that I favour, usually because it's the best painted. This distorts what that side then does because I either want them to win, or not get shot up, or whatever.

I've long wanted to do the thing where you don't actually fight the battles, but just sit in another room, issue broad directives, and wait for the results to be reported.

paul in rhb04 Mar 2018 8:15 a.m. PST

well… did you email me? its fascinating seeing 23 players sending orders in and being the only one with the other all picture..

paul in rhb05 Mar 2018 2:36 a.m. PST

hi again.. a position has opened up in the campaign if anyone is interested in joining in.. its early doors so its a good time to join

message me please at

paul in rhb09 Mar 2018 12:21 p.m. PST

all sorted for now thanks

paul in rhb14 May 2018 1:54 p.m. PST

well we have got to the end of the first day 15th june.. am not sure either side knows what's going exactly! Napoleon has some sort of plan and Wellington is still trying to work out what it is !! or knows what's happening and has positioned his troops accordingly. Will do a report at some point .

Kokolores15 May 2018 6:53 a.m. PST

I am one of the players involved in this campaign and I can say I am enjoying it immensely. Thank you for organising the game, Paul!

leofwine 316 May 2018 1:43 a.m. PST

Me too, any clues what formation you are leading Kokolores?
Paul is doing a grand job!

Kokolores16 May 2018 4:24 a.m. PST

I am the commander of the French Imperial Guard. How about you?

paul in rhb16 May 2018 11:31 a.m. PST

Ha.. lets keep players anonymous if we can …. all will be revealed later am sure…cheers

Osterreicher16 May 2018 2:12 p.m. PST

Paul, was I supposed to keep it to myself that I'm commanding Guards Armoured?

4th Cuirassier17 May 2018 4:08 a.m. PST

Just don't tell anyone the French have a unit of Daleks.

paul in rhb17 May 2018 9:06 a.m. PST

its a free for all !!

CSherrange Supporting Member of TMP17 May 2018 10:23 a.m. PST

If a commander is suddenly "recalled or killed", I would happily accept a command if offered!!

paul in rhb17 May 2018 4:30 p.m. PST

thanks.will kep you in mind.. one nearly did get killed/captured and i would have felt bad for the player.. fortunately the dice rolled kind and the commander escape harm… he had blundered alone with a small escort into a town occupied by the enemy

paul in rhb14 Jun 2018 2:50 a.m. PST

one slot maybe available… cant totally promise yet but anyone interested please let me know asap.. we are just past dawn on 16 june and the action is hotting up… 23 players all committed really well ( except one who may have hot footed it away from the impending battle -hence the need fr a stand in)

leofwine 314 Jun 2018 4:57 a.m. PST

I bet its that bloody Milhaud. Him and his cavalry have not been where they are supposed to be the whole campaign so far. That's donkey wallopers for you, leave the grunts to do all the work!

4th Cuirassier14 Jun 2018 9:45 a.m. PST

Get involved, it's a blast. I normally only get this WTAF-is-happening? feeling at work.

paul in rhb14 Jun 2018 3:31 p.m. PST

he's resurfaced so no one else needed… things will start moving again soon..cheers p

CSherrange Supporting Member of TMP22 Jun 2018 4:58 a.m. PST


paul in rhb25 Sep 2018 8:03 a.m. PST

23 players, 7 months of action. It has now finished. We used the map from the Napoleon board game supplemented by some great maps from the US army from the 1930s. Battle reports follow.

A short campaign history – 15 June
Umpire's report

I will leave each side to tell their own plan and narrative. The map will arrows on shows the day's movements.

On the French left 2 infantry corps and the IVa cuirassier corps pushed up the Ghent road forcing back a British light cavalry screen. By 11am the cuirassier corps was charging over the bridge into Oudenaarde which was defended only by the light cavalry. (The towns on this road and Ghent were undefended by the British)

Due to 2 calamitous pieces of bad luck one French cuirassier division was routed and the other also fled back to Rennaix. Ghent could well have fallen by early afternoon but as it was the VI infantry corps plodded into it by nightfall. News of its fall would later cause potential desertions amongst the Dutch Belgian troops.

II corps turned right and pushed cautiously but unopposed through Ath. By nightfall they just missed contacting the British guards division and a Dutch infantry division who decided to evacuate Engheim in the nick of time.

The Prince of Orange made a slow retreat with his corps after waiting all day for orders from Wellington. Had the 2 divisions stood at Engheim the French II corps would have been in trouble. The 3rd Dutch division at Ninove also was paralysed and could maybe have saved Ghent earlier in the day.

Early in the day a couple of key messages from Orange to Wellington went missing.

The French imperial Guard pushed unopposed, except by a light cavalry screen through Mons and Soignes. By 3pm they were outside Braine le Compte and immediately attacked the 1st Dutch infantry division stationed there. By a cruel irony the Dutch had been ordered to retreat but a delay in implementing the order meant they pinned in position by the French Guard. An almost orderly withdrawal followed but casualties were taken. The division was battered and retreated to Waterloo.

The Battle of Braine Le Compte
The Dutch infantry were deployed and as the message to withdraw arrived, at 3pm, the commander was seeing the French imperial guard arrive just a mile or so from Braine. The order to withdraw took some time to organise and by 4pm things were in a position to action.

However by 3.30 the young guard were advancing to the eastern hill. Their progress was slow but by 3.45 first contact had been made and the dutch flankers regiment was immediate broken by 2 young guard battalions. By 3.45 french artillery was in position to start bombarding the town. And by 4pm an assault on Braine was beginning to be launched by the chasseurs of the guard

As the attack was launched it was noticed that the Dutch had begun withdrawing their 2 other infantry brigades from the town and retreating to wards Nivelles. The 3rd brigade of dutch infantry in the woods and the light dragoon brigade were left as a rear guard as the French attack developed.

By 4.15 the Chassuers of the guard had occupied Braine and the guard LC swept behind the town to attack the British cavalry. By 4.30 the young guard had cleared the woods and the dutch infantry brigade was routing in disarray with heavy casualties.

By 4.30 the 3 British cavalry regiments had routed with heavy casualties towards Hal .

The town and environs was completely in French hands and by 4.30 the corps was either around the town or marching close towards it.

The Guard Light cavalry took no casualties but is blown and needs to rest and reform.. The Young guard took slight casualties.

The Imperial Guard held its position but sent cavalry towards Hal and in pursuit towards Nivelles.

Wellington had been touring his men and almost rode into Braine in time for the battle. Instead he chose to ride to Hal and arrived there just as the Reserve Corps (who had relocated on their own initiative from Brussels) were marching out of town towards Braine.

On meeting the French cavalry the corps turned round and hastily retired into a defensive position at Hal.

The French pursuit into Nivelles almost struck gold. Uxbridge the British Cavalry commander had toured Charleroi and decided to scout out Nivelles and its environs. He had sent the cavalry corps to Waterloo from Quatre Bras late in the afternoon. He scouted into Nivelles with a small escort and arrived exactly at the same time as French Guard cavalry pursuing the Dutch infantry.

Fortunately for Uxbridge he escaped unhurt retiring but then reoccupying the town at nightfall as the French withdrew.

In an irony of orders the British Cavalry corps withdrew from Quatre Bras to Waterloo whilst the British II corps relocated from Waterloo via Quatre Bras to just outside Nivelles by nightfall.

In the other key development in the British sector, the French III and IV infantry corps made a painfully slow advance through Bianche to Roeulx. Much time was wasted in the slow advance along difficult roads. Vandamme exercised extreme caution and notified Napoleon that he would march via Soignes to Braine having heard the gunfire.

Napoleon jumped on his horse and rode like the wind to Roeulx. It is expected that the 2 corps will push north in the morning. It is likely several hours were lost through cautious marching and the opportunity to place both corps near Nivelles by nightfall could be pivotal for the campaign.

The British seem unsure where to fight an impending battle – Nivelles, Waterloo or Hal. The French have had the difficult balancing act of pushing forward aggressively whilst trying to keep their corps close together. Leading with the Imperial Guard was certainly interesting!

But the decision to send all the Cuirassiers on various flanking duties means the French only have their guard cavalry to rely on. Time will tell if this is a mistake.

The Prussian sector has been reduced to a size show, but on of critical significance. The French sent the 4 divisions of their I infantry corps to 4 different locations. Three cavalry corps were also sent far and wide up and over the river. This meant that early on Charleroi and Namur were put under some visible pressure. The Prussians sat waiting to see if attacks would progress and it seemed that it was only by late afternoon that the growing realisation of a French holding action was confirmed. Whist the Prussian IV corps stood at Charleroi, whilst sending one brigade to Quatre Bras, The II corps only set out late in the day to strike south of Namur. Their extremely cautious advance missed the opportunity to break a small French force in front of them. The

I French Cavalry corps rode to Rocheford and had a stand off for most of the day before being forced back to Givet.

The only other notable action was at Diant where a Prussian brigade attempted to cross the river in mid afternoon. Their advance was repulsed by the French 3rd division.

The Battle of Dinant
At 4pm, the !st Prussian brigade got over the bridge at Dinant unscathed and both 12th and 24th regiments attacked up the hill to the defending French. French artillery took its toll and broke one battalion of the 24th but otherwise the charge went in.. The 12th charge in the centre broke a French artillery battery but on the right the 24th was flung back. The left saw the 12th also repulsed in their initial charge uphill.
By 4.45 a French battalion hiding in woods on the Prussian left charged the Prussian artillery by the river but was also repulsed. French brought a reserve battalion of the 46th to plug the hole in the centre and this was duly charged by 2 battalions of the 12th. But the charge despite contacting the French was broken and the 2 battalions retired. But on the Prussian left the remaining battalion of the 12th broke a French battalion only to be charged in the flank by French reinforcements of the 45th who had manouvered through the woods.
With several battalions retiring or fleeing the Prussian advance turned and retired over the bridge and by 5.15 the French were reorganizing their positions and awaiting the next move. The Prussians retired in good order into Dinant.

Whilst this was happening the Prussian III corps spend the day marching slowly west. Blucher himself also rode west and sat alone in Quatre Bras by the end of the day alongside a forlorn 13th Brigade. Would his troops play a part in any major engagement tomorrow?

paul in rhb25 Sep 2018 8:06 a.m. PST

A short campaign history – 16 June
Umpire's report

As dawn broke on ‘day two' most leaders were up and about exhorting their men on to greater efforts than yesterday. On the French right hostilities resumed early.

The Prussian first corp pushed across the river into Givet, forcing the I French cavalry corps back towards Phillipeville. The retreat of the French lasted all morning but by mid afternoon, fresh infantry support had arrived from Laneffe. The French counter attacked and forced the Prussians to retreat back to Givet.

A battle took place at the bridge between Givet and Dinant as the Prussians attempting to force a crossing. The defending French infantry division was broken but not before supporting cavalry of the II Cavalry corps had put most of the Prussians to flight too. This left the French cavalry to with draw cross country to Phillipeville whilst the Prussians withdrew to Dinant.
The French infantry division opposite Dinant attempted to force the crossing but were repulsed and settled down to keep the Prussians within the town.

Von Pirche's II Prussian corp began a long slow advance from Namur and Arete. Kellerman's III cav corp and an infantry division from I corps slowly retreated through Fosse in front of superior forces.

With Kellerman's men retreating to Laneffe the Prussians turned east and headed for Charleroi.

During mid morning the Prussian IV corps in Charleroi decided to march west to Bianche. By lunchtime it was outside the town and was soon ensconced inside. This of course meant Charleroi had been left undefended. The French infantry commander outside Charleroi eventually noticed the situation and rapidly pushed his division over the bridges and into the town. By a quirk of fate and timing, Kellerman had ridden to the town to assess the situation. He chose to enter the town and almost as soon as he crossed the bridge, the Prussian II corp of von Pirch arrived from its march from Fosse.

After an hour of negotiations, Von Pirch launched an all out assault. After a 90 minute fight, the French evacuated the town and by 4pm Charleroi was back in Prussian hands.

French Left flank
IV cavalry corps and VI infantry corp under Ney's command rose in Ghent and began a long day's march towards Brussels. Marching unopposed the force was headed by Milhaud's cavalry. It arrived in Brussels in mid afternoon at the same time as several Nassau regiments sent belately by Reserve corp to protect the city. On seeing the French the Nassau troops broke and ran leaving the city in French hands by 3pm.

Reille's III corp continued its advance towards Hal. William of Orange, keen to follow Wellington's orders to the letter, continued to pull all his troops back. His Dutch brigade was initially sent to guard the bridges at Alost but soon had their orders countermanded.

By late morning the French II corps was outside Hal faced off by the British Reserve Corps and parts of I corp too. William also arrived with several divisions and deployed facing the French. The British outnumbered the French 2:1 but seemed paralysed not knowing whether to strike or whether to march to assist Wellington.

A moment of humour broke the ice when William redeployed his entire line to counteract a force of blue coated troops marching towards his rear up the Ninove road. Initially mistaken as French, it was discovered in the nick of time that the troops were actually the Dutch division under Williams command.

By lunchtime Picton decidied to send his corps to Wellington at Waterloo, followed by William's I corps. The Brunswick division was left to shield Hal and the column of march from the French. 2 British divisions made it over the Hal bridges before the French realised what was happening. Then Reille's II corps was suddenly launched forward against the British. William's corp was in a long line of march waiting to cross the bridges which were currently occupied by Picton's cavalry and artillery.

Several British divisions, hit in the flank, were routed before the French were beaten off. The Brunswickers performed miracles and never buckled. However, the shame of seeing the British guards division run for its life will be borne forever more by its commander.

By mid afternoon the French had suffered heavy losses and with drew a safe distance towards Engheim, leaving the British to nurse their losses and decided what to do next. Reille had held 2 British corps up for several critical hours whilst also damaging severely William's corps.

The 2 infantry divisions sent from Hal by Picton arrived into Waterloo in mid afternoon and too late to play a part in the day's decisive action.

The centre
The Imperial Guard at Braine was slow to rise for the morning's activities, despite Drouot's best intentions. Would this delay be fatal? It did allow the Hill's British II corp to stake out a position in the hills just a few miles from Braine.

Uncertain of what to do next, Hill attempted to communicate with Wellington and Uxbridge, the British cavalry commander to draw together a strategy.

As the Imperial Guard final advanced towards Nivelles from Braine road, Hill's blocking force decided discretion was the better part of valour. In conjuction with Uxbridge Hill decided to retire his force cross country to a well chosen defensive spot south west of waterloo.

Hill's retirement was extremely slow and cautious. This gave Drouot uncertainty as he initially set off in persuit and then decided to try and link up with Napoleons advance through Nivelles. Druout then changed his mind and relaunched his guard column at the British corss country. Marching faster than Hill, and with cavalry leading the way, The guard finally caught up with the British at a farm called Laid Patard by the early afternoon. Hill was forced to turn and stand.

Napoleon, Vandamme and Gerard started the day at Roulx. Vandamme's cautious advance left nothing to chance. This allowed Uxbridge to send his forward cavalry units towards the town, whilst saving his heavy brigades at Waterloo. Skirmishing took place where eventually the weight of numbers pushed the British cavalry back into Nivelles. Uxbridge rode into the town with the French not too far behind. Who should he meet at a tavern in the centre but Blucher himself! The Prussian general had ridden ahead of his army to try and discover what was happening. The 2 generals had a surprised and stilted conversation, mainly about German sausages and the weather, before being forced to flee to avoid capture by advancing French cavalry.

Vandamme and Napoleon entered Nivelles closely behind the retiring British cavalry. They spurned the opportunity to persue the Prussians. Vandamme showing his usual caution paused to await news of proceedings elsewhere.

Eventually it was decided to march towards Waterloo. In one of those quirky twists of fate Vandammes corps arrived at Laid Patard just behind the Imperial Guard. This gave the French 2 full corps against the British.
Meanwhile in Waterloo, Wellington had been trying to make sense of the French movements. In late morning he initially sent the heavy cavalry reserve brigades off to Hal to force a victory there. But 30 minutes later he changed his mind, recalled them and then sent them south to join Uxbridge and Hill.

These arrived and were hidden behind the hilly terrain at Laid Patard, unseen by the French. Wellington also set off to Hal and then changed his mind. He arrived at Laid Patard just as battle was joined and so was unable to influence dispositions or the outcome.

Gerard's IV corps at Rouelx saved the best manoeuvre for the dawn's new light. The general decided to march cross country parallel to the main Rouelx- Nivelles road in order to emerge east of Nivelles on the Nivelles- Quatre Bras highway.

His march was slow and tedious. Napoleon and Vandamme lost sight of his column and had no news of his fate.
At the same time an infantry brigade from the Prussian IV corps had been sent to Nivelles via Quatre Bras. Blucher also hoped that the Prussian III corps would arrive at Quatre Bras around lunchtime.

The infantry brigade arrived outside Nivelles just as Blucher was riding east for his life. He prepared them for battle if the French persued out of Nivelles. But nothing happened. So he turned round and began the march back to Qautre Bras.

He had only gone a couple of miles when whose force should arrive on the main road? Gerard by a quirk of fate had arrived to cut Blucher off from Quatre Bras. But the advanced cavalry guard of Prussian III corp had also marched towards Nivelles and was to the east of Gerard. He had put himself between 2 Prussian forces. At the battle of Thines, despite being outnumbered significantly in cavalry, Gerard managed to put the Prussain infantry brigade to flight and also hang on against the Prussian cavalry. By lunch time Blucher was hiding in a corn field to the north east of Nivelles before disguising himself as a Belgium peasant and returning to Quatre Bras riding a donkey ( or so the French reports would have us believe)

The first 2 infantry brigades of the Prussian III corp had arrived in Quatre Bras as the battle at Thines raged. They were sent forward immediately to engage Gerard but his 2 infantry divisions were able to repulse the Prussians. Both sides lost heavily and retired to assess their heavy damages. 2 further brigades from III corps arrived in Quatre Bras at 4pmish just as Blucher arrived there too.

4pm onwards the critical time
The French achieved a crushing victory at Laid Patard. Only Uxbridge's heavy cavalry escaped to Waterloo where it joined the 2 infantry divisions of Picton. Picton, Hill Uxbridge and Wellington held a conference. Things did not look good. News was coming in that Brussels had fallen and the French were expected to arrive from the south at any moment. It was also feared that girlfriends, wives, lovers and special friends were about to be dishonoured by the dastardly French now rampaging through Brussels.

Unbeknown to all, Ney had ordered his cavalry and infantry at Brussels to march to Hal. But shortly after the advance had started he received news of the French victory at Laid Patard. He changed the direction of march towards Waterloo. This cost an hour of marching time but also meant that any British retreat north to the city was doomed to failure.

paul in rhb25 Sep 2018 8:10 a.m. PST

The Battle of Waterloo 16 June 1815

The name Waterloo will forever be known as the pivotal turning point in the affairs of Britain and France.
For it was in this small Belgian village at 6.30pm on the 16 June that the might of the British army was struck down and the famed Wellington met, as we all now know, his ‘Waterloo.'

It is even likely that in 200 year's time songs will still be sung across Europe about how at Waterloo, Wellington did surrender. In reality his fate has never been clear and it is unknown whether he survived the battle. Was he killed, captured or escaped to live his life out in India or Ireland.

What is known is that following the 2pm rebuff at Laid Patard the remnantsof the British army huddled around Waterloo from 4pm on 16 June. Wellington and Uxbridge between them conspired to send several thousand Hanoverain Landwehr off towards Wavre to secure lines of communication. This left the remaining British army to consist of 2 weak British divisions and British and Dutch household Guard cavalry.

Vandamme's untouched corps arrived outside the village around 4.15 and by 5pm had deployed and launched the first attacks. The British line stood firm and little headway was made. Dutch carabineers also held off French cavalry on the British right flank.

For 45 minutes the French battered themselves against the solid British line. 2 British regiments in Waterloo threw back double their number. 24 French battalions launched repeated attacks against the much smaller British army.
Little by little weight of numbers started to grind down the British.
Suddenly at 5.45pm a British regiment broke, stricken by a large number of casualties. Gaps began appearing in the line and a small number of stragglers began to melt slowly away. By 6.15 French numbers were beginning to manoeuvre round British flanks.

And then disaster struck. The Dutch heavy brigade had fought well but finally gave way after over an hour of fighting. The British guards cavalry brigade also charged forward into the French infantry in a final attempt to throw back the French.

Square was formed but that did not stop the Guards units crashing into the French infantry. One by one the pride of the British army was thrown back. The chance was lost for a British victory and by 6.30 many British infantry units were wavering.

Rumours then began swirling the battlefield that French cuirassiers had been seen riding from Brussels on the main road to Waterloo and were just 30 minutes away from the Battlefield.

Trapped in an ever closing vice it was clear the British could not hope to win. The appearance of the French Imperial Guard half a mile to the south was the final blow. Confusion reigned. British infantry ran in all directions. Some surrendered, some fought till they were shot down.

What was very clear was that Vandamme had won the final victory for Napoleon in the campaign that is now called Napoleon's finest hour.

Dispositions 6.30pm onwards
At 6.30pm the hopes of Europe for a victory over Napoleon and many years of peace and prosperity were dashed by Wellington's defeat.

Vandamme corps and Druout's Imperial Guard stood undefeated at Waterloo. Milhaud's cuirassier corps had ridden from Brussels to arrive at Waterloo at the vital moment. Lobau's VI corp would also following Milhaud from Brussels and arrive by 8pm.

The remains of Reille's III corps licked its wounds at Hal, watching as at 5.30pm William of Orange led his remaining division, the Brunswick divison and Reserve corps cavalry towards Waterloo. William's arrival at Waterloo just before darkness fell at 9pm meant his troops marched straight into the waiting arms of the victorious French army. A long captivity beckoned.
Elsewhere Gerard's IV corp held Nivelles, protecting the French right flank. Blucher and Von Thielmann sat with the remains of the Prussian III corps at Quatre Bras, bemused and befuddled awaiting news.

They watched as Kellerman marched a small band of men (a division from 1corp) passed Quatre Bras and towards Nivelles.

The Prussian IV corp of Von dennewittz marched somewhere between Binche and Nivelles. Out of touch with Blucher it could well stumble into the victorious French.

Von Pirch with his II Corps sat in Charleroi., whilst Von Ziethen's I corps was dispersed between Dinant and Givet and damaged to a considerable degree.

The I and II French cavalry corps, and the remains of I corps sat linking Beaumont and Givet securing the French right flank.

With the Prussians spread out their coordination was becoming increasingly difficult. Blucher had lost touch with most formations and his whereabouts was only known precisely by Von Thielmann. Prussian communications with Leige were now being threatened seriously.

It would become clear as the night closed in that retreating to fight another day, probably with Russian assistance would be the prudent thing to do.

Napoleon was the master of the field in Belgium. It would be several weeks before the next chapter in his illustrious military career would be written.

Mike the Analyst25 Sep 2018 10:21 a.m. PST

Thanks for running the campaign Paul, it has been a lot of fun.

The fog of war aspects have been a real challenge for this player and I imagine for many others.

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