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"First Jewish-Roman War" Topic


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478 hits since 29 Dec 2017
©1994-2018 Bill Armintrout
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Tango01 Supporting Member of TMP29 Dec 2017 1:05 p.m. PST

Of possible interest?

"The First Jewish-Roman War (66-73 CE), sometimes called the Great Revolt (Hebrew: ? ha-Mered Ha-Gadol), was the first of three major rebellions by the Jews against the Roman Empire, fought in the Eastern Mediterranean. The First Jewish-Roman War took place mainly in the province of Judea (Iudaea); the second was the Kitos War in 115-117, which took place mainly in the diaspora (in Cyprus, Egypt, Mesopotamia and only marginally in Judea), and the third was Bar Kokhba's revolt of 132-136 CE, concentrating in Judea province.

The Great Revolt began in the year 66 CE, originating in Roman and Jewish ethnic and religious tensions. The crisis escalated due to anti-taxation protests and attacks upon Roman citizens. The Roman governor, Gessius Florus, responded by plundering the Jewish Temple, claiming the money was for the Emperor, and the next day launching a raid on the city, arresting numerous senior Jewish figures. This prompted a wider, large-scale rebellion and the Roman military garrison of Judaea was quickly overrun by the rebels, while the pro-Roman king Herod Agrippa II, together with Roman officials, fled Jerusalem. As it became clear the rebellion was getting out of control, Cestius Gallus, the legate of Syria, brought in the Syrian army, based on Legion XII Fulminata and reinforced by auxiliary troops, to restore order and quell the revolt…"
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