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"About The Barbary Pirates" Topic


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©1994-2017 Bill Armintrout
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Tango0122 Jul 2017 12:55 p.m. PST

"The Barbary Corsairs, sometimes called Ottoman Corsairs or Barbary Pirates, were an alliance of Muslim pirates and privateers who operated from North Africa from the time of the Crusades (11th century) until the early 19th century. Based in Berber North African ports such as Tunis, Tripoli, Algiers, Salé, and other ports in Morocco, they sailed mainly along the stretch of northern Africa known as the Barbary Coast. Their predation extended throughout the Mediterranean, south along West Africa's Atlantic seaboard, and into the North Atlantic as far north as Iceland, and they primarily commandeered western European ships in the western Mediterranean Sea. In addition, they engaged in Razzias, raids on European coastal towns, to capture Christian slaves to sell at slave markets in places such as Algeria and Morocco.

Pirates destroyed thousands of French, Spanish, Italian and British ships, and long stretches of coast in Spain and Italy were almost completely abandoned by their inhabitants, discouraging settlement until the 19th century. From the 16th to 19th century, pirates captured an estimated 800,000 to 1.25 million Europeans as slaves, mainly from seaside villages in Italy, Spain, and Portugal, but also from France, Britain, the Netherlands, Ireland and as far away as Iceland and North America. The most famous corsairs were the brothers Hayreddin Barbarossa ("Redbeard") and Oruç Reis, who took control of Algiers in the early 16th century, beginning four hundred years of Ottoman Empire presence in North Africa and establishing a centre of Mediterranean piracy.

Following the Napoleonic Wars and the Congress of Vienna in 1815 as well as the involvement of the United States Navy in the First and Second Barbary Wars interceding to protect US interests (1801-5, 1815), European powers agreed upon the need to suppress the Barbary pirates and the effectiveness of the corsairs declined. In 1816 a joint Dutch and British Fleet under Lord Exmouth bombarded Algiers and forced that city and terrified Tunis into giving up over 3,000 prisoners and making fresh promises. Following a resumption of piracy based out of Algiers, in 1824 another British fleet again bombarded Algiers. France colonised much of the Barbary coast in the 19th century…."
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Amicalement
Armand

Personal logo Cacique Caribe Supporting Member of TMP22 Jul 2017 1:04 p.m. PST

I think it was the first time the US had a crisis with a foreign power, other than its parent nation, right?

It certainly was its first meaningful diplomatic contact with an Islamic nation.

Dan

Personal logo Cacique Caribe Supporting Member of TMP22 Jul 2017 3:05 p.m. PST

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I guess that's when Captain "Russell Crowe" dealt with the Dey. At least that's what it looks like in the first picture below. :)

Dan

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StarCruiser22 Jul 2017 5:28 p.m. PST

There was the little issue with Revolutionary France in the 1790's – the "Quasi War"…

Personal logo Cacique Caribe Supporting Member of TMP22 Jul 2017 7:12 p.m. PST

StarCruiser,

Hmm. Was there was a military crisis between the US and France during the French Revolution?

Dan

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