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"Battle of Ocaña 1809 AAR! " Topic


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613 hits since 7 Apr 2017
©1994-2017 Bill Armintrout
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Tango01 Supporting Member of TMP In the TMP Dawghouse07 Apr 2017 4:07 p.m. PST

Old… but still great…

link


Amicalement
Armand

John Miller07 Apr 2017 4:47 p.m. PST

Tango01: I don't remember seeing this before. A battle that I think would be great to game. Unfortunately I don't have enough Spanish yet. However, old or not, I appreciate your posting this Tango. Thanks, John Miller

davbenbak Supporting Member of TMP08 Apr 2017 7:32 a.m. PST

Appears to be a convention game using the Carnage & Glory rule set. Thanks for posting.

Tango01 Supporting Member of TMP In the TMP Dawghouse08 Apr 2017 10:33 a.m. PST

Glad you enjoyed it my friends!. (smile)


Amicalement
Armand

Bill Slavin08 Apr 2017 11:07 a.m. PST

Agreed – thanks for that. It's gone into my "to do" file for future scenarios

Timmo uk08 Apr 2017 11:08 a.m. PST

Why didn't anybody try a flanking manoeuvre rather than just moving straight ahead?

Garde de Paris08 Apr 2017 3:50 p.m. PST

From Wikipedia:

Cavalry action[edit]

On 18 November, one of the largest cavalry actions of the Peninsular War took place. Three of Freire's divisions, 4,000 horsemen, attempted to clear a route of retreat for the Spanish army. The French deployed with Paris's light cavalry in the front line and Milhaud's dragoons in the second line. Paris charged, broke the Spanish first line, and was checked when Freire brought up his reserves. At this juncture, Milhaud's dragoons attacked and drove the Spanish cavalry from the field. The French lost less than 100 men, while Spanish losses were in the hundreds, with 80 captured.[10]

William Napier writes of the cavalry action before the battle: "The Spaniards came on at a trot, and Sebastiani directed Paris, with a regiment of light cavalry and the Polish lancers, to turn and fall upon the right flank of the approaching squadrons, which being executed with great vigor, especially by the Poles, caused considerable confusion, which the Spanish general endeavored to remedy by closing to the assailed flank."[11]

Positions[edit]
West of Ocaña town, Aréizaga placed José Pascual de Zayas y Chacón's Vanguard and Rivas's cavalry. From Ocaña to the east, the Spanish commander aligned his center and right. The right flank, which hung in air, was held by Freire's remaining three cavalry divisions. From there to Ocaña, Luis Roberto de Lacy, Castejon, Pedro Agustín Girón and Vigodet held the front line. Their battalions were arranged in a double line. In reserve behind Castejon stood Jacome's men, Zerain supported Giron and Copons backed up Vigodet.
The Royal Guard and one brigade of Dessolles stood north of Ocaña, facing across a deep ravine. The next unit to the east was Louis Rey's brigade of Dessolles. Gazan and Girard of the V Corps, Leval and Werlé of IV Corps, and the cavalry completed the line to the east. Soult massed 30 cannons near Dessolles and the V Corps' positions.[12]
Battle[edit]

On 19 November, the massed battery pounded the Spanish center as Leval attacked Castejon and Werlé went in against Lacy's division. At first the Spanish swung their line back. Then, as the IV Corps halted to wait for artillery to be brought up, the two Spanish divisions surged forward into musket range and opened fire. The Dutch, Germans and Poles began to edge rearward. Soult ordered up Girard's division to support the wavering IV Corps battalions.
While this was going on, Milhaud's dragoons, supported by Woirgard and Paris, moved rapidly toward the vulnerable Spanish right flank. Screened by olive groves, they suddenly appeared in front of Freire's command. The French charged and soon routed the Spanish horsemen. Milhaud, Paris and Woirgard neatly wheeled their squadrons and tore into the unprotected flank of Lacy's infantry. Soult sent the French line forward. The massed battery savaged the Spanish line with renewed fury.
Faced by the threat of infantry pressing their front while cavalry slashed into their flank, the Spanish divisions collapsed one after another and bolted for the rear. At this crisis, Dessolles and the Royal Guard dashed across the ravine and burst into Ocaña, severing the Spanish left from their disintegrating center and right. As the Spanish army streamed away to the south, only Zayas's division remained intact to cover the retreat. Soult's cavalry pressed the pursuit and broke Zayas later in the day.

Results[edit]
The French captured 14,000 Spaniards, 50 cannon, 30 flags and the entire baggage train. Another 4,000 were killed and wounded. French losses were 2,000 killed and wounded. Paris was killed and Girard wounded.[8] This catastrophe temporarily laid Spain open to French domination. The northern Spanish army was beaten a week later at the Battle of Alba de Tormes. The way was open for the French conquest of Andalusia.

GdeP here: I understand that General Senarmont of Fiedland fame commanded the massed French artillery here. He did it again!

I also understand that French cavalry General Paris died here.

GdeP

keithbarker10 Apr 2017 8:15 a.m. PST

I did an Ocaña refight here…

link

Also with a book suggestion (in English) if you are planning at looking into the battle more.

Tango01 Supporting Member of TMP In the TMP Dawghouse10 Apr 2017 10:19 a.m. PST

Good wargame my friend!.


Amicalement
Armand

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