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"Cuban Military Effectiveness, 19751988 Part I" Topic


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176 hits since 14 Sep 2021
©1994-2021 Bill Armintrout
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Tango01 Supporting Member of TMP14 Sep 2021 8:58 p.m. PST

"After the 1959 revolution, Fidel Castro turned to Moscow for aid and assistance of all kinds. One key aspect of Russian support for the new Cuban communist state was to provide weapons, training, and all other forms of military aid, all of which the Cuban armed forces readily embraced. Cuban officers and pilots received extensive instruction from Soviet advisers, and many underwent training in the USSR. Cuban forces strictly employed Soviet tactics and doctrine in all types of conventional military operations. As a result, the Cuban military relied heavily on a Soviet-style of operations, as much as the North Koreans in the 1950s, and to a greater extent than any of the Arab states.

By late 1975, the Angolan revolution was in trouble. The communist Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA) had seized the capital of Luanda after the Portuguese pulled out earlier in the year, but by autumn, they faced multiple challenges. In the south, South Africa had invaded Angola from Namibia in support of the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA). In the east, the National Front for the Liberation of Angola (FNLA) was mounting its own offensive from Zaire bolstered by Portuguese special forces, Zairian regulars, and Western mercenaries. Finally, in the north, the secessionist Front for the Liberation of the Enclave of Cabinda (FLEC) was fighting the MPLA for control of Cabinda province, also with Zaire's backing. In July, the Cubans sent 50 weapons specialists to aid the MPLA's army, the People's Armed Forces of Liberation of Angola (FAPLA), then added 480 combat advisors and trainers in September. But in October, the South African Defense Force (SADF) launched its invasion of Angola (Operation SAVANNAH) and made rapid gains. One prong of the SADF's offensive drove 3,100 kilometers in 33 days, defeated FAPLA forces in several dozen engagements, and was only a few hundred kilometers south of Luanda by early November…"

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Full article here
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Part II here
link

Armand

troopwo Supporting Member of TMP15 Sep 2021 11:42 a.m. PST

1987-89 were the big fights where the Cubans had some major ground forces in southern Angola. By that time the SADF had really modernized their inventory and training. Five set piece attacks wipe out five cuban brigades.

Tango01 Supporting Member of TMP15 Sep 2021 3:14 p.m. PST

Thanks!

Armand

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