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"The Marathas (and their Social Mobility)" Topic


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Tango01 Supporting Member of TMP14 Sep 2020 10:16 p.m. PST

"Hinduism is composed of a caste, jati, system and class, varna, system (Rodrigues 132). According to Hindu myth, the four main varnas, compromising the brahmin or "priestly" class, the ksatriya or "warrior" class, the vaisya or "commoners" class, and the sudra or "servant" class (Rodrigues 146), originated from the body parts of a mythical deity, Purusa (Macdonell 240). The Brahmins were and continue to be regarded as the purest class in Hindu society, originating from the head of Purusa. The Ksatriya class is said to originate from the torso and arms of Purusa as they are expected to protect people and bear arms. Thirdly, members belonging to Vaisya originated from his legs and lower body. They are responsible for tending to land or cattle and trading goods or money. The Sudra class originated from Purusa's feet as they were the most impure members of society. Jati means "birth group" and provided Hindus with a more explicit rank or status in society (Macdonell 238). One's jati refers to their occupation and dictates their dietary habits, ritual allowances, and interactions with members of other castes (Macdonell 231). Members or groups within a caste claim varna status and these claims are dependent upon their states of ritual purity (Rodrigues 83).

Upward mobility and social reform was extremely rare in Hinduism. The caste and class system was very rigid, and ritual purity in pre-colonial India was held in the highest regards. However, one group that achieved upward mobility in the varna system was the people of the Maratha jati. Originally, members of the commoners or servant classes, they were eligible to achieve Ksatriya or warrior status through their military efforts against the Mughal Empire in the late 17th centuries under the rule of the rebellion Shivaji (Deshpande 6).

The Maratha jati was a military caste situated in southern India. The majority of the group was mainly derived from kunbis origin; a "tribe" or caste that was and continues to be generally associated with the Sudra varna as "peasant cultivators" of the Western region in Maharashtra (Russell 199). The two other "tribes" that constituted the Maratha caste included the dhangar or "shepard" and the coala or "cow-herder" (Russell 201) both of which also claimed Sudra status…"
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Armand

jurgenation Supporting Member of TMP15 Sep 2020 4:17 p.m. PST

great article…watch the Movie "Panipat" on Netflix..

Tango01 Supporting Member of TMP16 Sep 2020 12:17 p.m. PST

Glad you like it my friend… and thanks! (smile)


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Armand

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