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"How U.S. Forces Failed to Conquer Canada 200 Years Ago" Topic


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Napoleonic
19th Century

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Tango01 Supporting Member of TMP14 Sep 2019 8:40 p.m. PST

"The United States' first foray into Canada occurred at the beginning of the American Revolutionary War, when colonial troops marched all the way to Quebec City before being repelled. By the time the War of 1812 rolled around almost four decades later, the so-called "war hawk" members of Congress were clamoring for a second go-around. There were even a few calls for part or all of Canada, then a British colony, to be annexed. At that time, around 7.5 million people lived in the United States, compared to only about 500,000 in Canada, many of whom were of French or American descent rather than British.

In June 1812, the United States declared war on Great Britain, citing among its grievances the practice of removing sailors from American merchant ships and forcing them to serve in the British navy. The United States also took issue with a system of blockades and licenses designed to halt trade with Napoleonic France, and with Britain's supposed foment of Native American unrest. Almost immediately thereafter, U.S. President James Madison approved a three-pronged assault against Canada. Many Americans believed the invasion would be a cakewalk, particularly since Britain was so distracted by the Napoleonic Wars in Europe. Former President Thomas Jefferson called the acquisition of Quebec a "mere matter of marching," while Speaker of the House Henry Clay, a prominent war hawk, declared that the militiamen of Kentucky were capable of capturing Upper Canada (essentially modern Ontario) and Montreal without any assistance. "There was a lot of saber rattling going on," said John R. Grodzinski, a history professor at the Royal Military College of Canada, who specializes in the War of 1812…"
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IronDuke596 Supporting Member of TMP15 Sep 2019 9:03 a.m. PST

Wow! Pop up ads everywhere! I quickly closed it.

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