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"Denmark, Norway and Sweden in 1814: a geopolitical..." Topic


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209 hits since 11 Aug 2017
©1994-2017 Bill Armintrout
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Tango01 Supporting Member of TMP11 Aug 2017 12:07 p.m. PST

… and contemporary perspective.

"1814 is the ‘year of miracles' in Norwegian history. The transition from Danish to Swedish rule was transformed into a union between a Norwegian kingdom and the Swedish one. Seen in a contemporary and regional perspective, the outcome of 1814 seems less of a Norwegian victory, but even less of a Danish tragedy or a Swedish triumph.

It was a geopolitical and geographical adjustment from one set of imagined ‘natural' borders – in which Sweden/Finland were tied together by the Baltic Sea, and the Kattegat and the North Sea tied together the Danish composite state from the Danish islands and the Jutland peninsula to Norway and the North Atlantic islands – towards a new definition of ‘natural borders', in which the Baltic and the Kattegat were the enemy areas. The Scandinavian state system became split between two peninsula states that turned their backs on one another.

Denmark was banished southwards; Sweden gravitated northwards. She was compensated with Norway in a twin union, explained as geographically ‘natural', held together by the Scandinavian mountain range that had been nature's own fortification wall for centuries…"
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